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Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

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< Q21.8.1 TOC Q21.8.3 >

Question 21.8.2:
Other childhood lifecycle rituals: I've heard of a ceremony called "Confirmation". What is it?


In the non-Orthodox community, Confirmation is a ceremony used to mark the end of the tenth year of formal Jewish education, and usually corresponds to 10th grade graduation. It was originally introduced by Reform to replace Bar/Bat Mitzvah, but has evolved to parallel Bar/Bat Mitzvah, and provide a point of celebrating continuing Jewish education past Bar/Bat Mitzvah. Confirmation is a time for young adults to reconfirm the commitment to Judaism made at Bar/Bat Mitzvah, when they were legally adults but in this day and age not likely as mature as 12-13 years of centuries ago.

Unlike bar/bat mitzvah, confirmation is a group ceremony often celebrated on Shavuot. It is not based on traditional rituals, and is not observed in Orthodox congregations. Some Conservative congregations observe the ceremony. It is either called "confirmation", "graduation", or the more Jewish-sounding "Bikkurim". Some refer to confirmands as "Sar Torah".

The FAQ is a collection of documents that is an attempt to answer questions that are continually asked on the soc.culture.jewish family of newsgroups. It was written by cooperating laypeople from the various Judaic movements. You should not make any assumption as to accuracy and/or authoritativeness of the answers provided herein. In all cases, it is always best to consult a competent authority--your local rabbi is a good place to start.

[Got Questions?]Hopefully, the FAQ will provide the answer to your questions. If it doesn't, please drop Email to The FAQ maintainer will endeavor to direct your query to an appropriate individual that can answer it. If you would like to be part of the group to which the maintainer directs questions, please drop a note to the FAQ maintainer at

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